The Institute of Quarrying has long provided membership and professional development services to individuals and organisations operating in the minerals and extractives industries. Now in its centenary year, IQ is celebrating by showcasing the hidden role that the sector fulfils in everyday life with its Quarry Garden at the Royal Horticultural Society's first ever Chatsworth Flower Show in June 2017.
It's a very long way from the earliest days of IQ, which was the brainchild of four quarry workers from Wales. One hundred years on, IQ is now a global network with over 5,000 members, including 13 UK branches and international offices in Australia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Hong Kong and South Africa.
The Quarry Garden is the largest show garden at RHS Chatsworth. It is part of an ongoing communications strategy to open the eyes of the general public to the essential role played by the quarrying and extractives industries in today's modern society. The original idea for the garden came from Glyn Barnes FIQ, who works for BAM Ritchies: “My wife and I really enjoy spending time in our garden. We’ve been to RHS Chelsea and it occurred to me that a show garden and the publicity that they receive could be a great way to raise the profile of IQ and our sector as whole.”
James Thorne is the new chief executive at IQ: “I've joined IQ at a really exciting time in its hundred year history. Events such as RHS Chatsworth present us with a great opportunity to engage directly with the public. It's all about sharing positive messages focusing on the really great things that we do as a sector.
“Quarrying is a big part of the local economy in Derbyshire. Many of the visitors at Chatsworth will probably be blissfully unaware of the level of extraction in their local communities. That's partially because as an industry we've become very good at staying below the radar in the communities in which we operate. That can be a good thing, but it can also lead to misinformation. We need to get better at showcasing the good things we do.
“Many quarries actually introduce greater biodiversity during and after extraction. Take a look at the National Stone Centre near Wirksworth. It's the site of a former quarry yet is now a popular visitor centre. The six former limestone quarries that make up the National Stone Centre nowadays carry an interesting variety of wild plants and flowers, attracting an abundance of insects, such as bees and butterflies. Over 24 species of the 30 butterflies regularly recorded in the UK were found on this old quarry site.”
RHS Chatsworth is spread over a 28-acre site and is expected to attract over 100,000 paying visitors. The Quarry Garden has already secured TV, radio, online and published media coverage.
Investing in a show garden at RHS Chatsworth will raise IQ’s profile with the general public and build stronger relationships with major industry stakeholders. The Quarry Garden project is being supported by a number of operators which has helped to reinforce the value of IQ's membership services and the support provided for individual professional development.
IQ is working with RHS award winning garden designer Paul Hervey-Brookes. Paul's successes include Best in Show at RHS Tatton Park and Gold medals at RHS Hampton Court and RHS Tatton Park, as well as Best in Show, Best Planting and Gold at the Gardening World Cup in Japan in 2014.
Paul’s planting scheme is a mixture of UK native plants, naturalised plants and simple garden plants which create a beautiful 'gardened' space, whilst actively increasing biodiversity and habitat potential. This fits well with the concept of nature after extraction ceases and how it reclaims these spaces, often creating greater biodiversity than existed prior to extraction.
A big part of Paul’s brief was to make the garden design an inclusive process. As an organisation responsible for developing people’s skills, IQ wanted the project to inspire future generations, and that started with the design. IQ approached Nottingham Trent University's School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Science, based at the Brackenhurst campus near Southwell, Nottinghamshire.
Leonie Brown is the course leader at Nottingham Trent University. She says: “The Quarry Garden is an amazing opportunity for our students to get hands on with a real project. Four students took up the challenge. They were given a brief for the project and created mood boards, drawings and 3D plans of their ideas. These were then presented to a panel, including Paul. Each student created their own interpretation of the design brief, which Paul subsequently developed into the final ‘Quarry Garden’ concept, drawing on inspiration from each student’s garden design.”
The standout feature of the Quarry Garden design is an imposing 15m wide x 3m high sculpted stone wall boundary called ‘Passing Light’. This features a series of horizontal fissures enabling visitors to view the garden through the wall. Part of Paul’s original design concept, somewhere along the way it was lauded that ‘wouldn’t it be great if we could embed the garden in the local landscape and source the stone for the wall from a Chatsworth quarry?’
Sean Doxey is Head of Special Operations at Chatsworth. He’s the man responsible for organising the new stone being used in Phase 4 of the Chatsworth Masterplan restoration project. He says: “The stone is quarried from the Chatsworth estate’s Burntwood quarry, near Beeley, using traditional quarrying techniques. This will provide 29,160 tonnes of gritstone for heritage repairs on the Grade 1 listed Chatsworth House, Park and Gardens, and elsewhere on the Estate, including historic structures such as Flora's Temple.
“As part of the restoration project a world leading geologist provided advice to us on the gritstone and a team of expert stone masons examined each quarried block for quality. The stone rejected by the masons cannot be sold and is recycled for use on estate roads.”
So, what does this have to do with our Quarry Garden? Well, much to IQ's delight, Chatsworth has donated a rather large supply of rejected gritstone that can’t be used for the house restoration for use in Paul’s wall sculpture. That’s the same stone from which Chatsworth House is constructed.
The garden is made up of three main sections:
Stone wall – Passing Light sculpture
The wall at the far end of the garden is 3m high and will have a fissure sculpted along its total width to cast interesting shadows as the natural light passes behind the wall. The purpose of the gap is to encourage everyone to look at our natural resources differently, to understand that they are a necessary part of our lives and that in managing them carefully, we create sustainable environments.
The concrete pit demonstrates that through mineral extraction, the environment is being carefully managed even whilst being actively worked. The freestanding concrete walls and metal struts will make the connection between the natural environment and our built environment, to explain the use of minerals in our everyday life.
The naturalistic planting will be reflective of the sorts of plants that would be found in both active and former quarry sites. The message here is about the value that quarrying adds to the landscape in terms of increased biodiversity amongst plants and wildlife.
Now, all Paul and his team has to do is get tonnes of rock off site and on to sculptor Ann-Margreth Bohl. It is Ann-Margreth's job to carve a series of fissures into the 40cm deep wall.
The sculpture will stand the test of time as IQ plans to repurpose the garden and the sculpture at the National Memorial Arboretum, once the dust has settled from the RHS show. It’s a fitting and lasting tribute to the important role quarrying plays in the UK and global economy.
More information about the Quarry Garden.